Vitamin B1


Vitamin B1 (thiamine) In 1897, the Dutch doctor Eikman found that the beriberi disease, which is widespread in the «rice» countries, is associated with the traditional food for these places, which is based on polished rice. Its result is persistent and severe damage to the nervous system, up to paralysis. It turned out that the cause of the disease is a lack of vitamin B1, which is contained in the shell of rice grains. Why is it needed? This vitamin is actively involved in the processes of energy production by living cells and tissues, and therefore its deficiency in the diet of a pregnant woman can adversely affect the growth and development of many organs and systems of the fetus (especially its nervous system), as well as contribute to serious malfunctions in the central nervous system. system, heart and muscles of the expectant mother. During pregnancy, mainly in the last trimester, a woman may experience pain in the lower back, buttocks and hips, caused by pressure from the growing uterus on the nerve plexuses. Under these conditions, it is especially important that the expectant mother receives a sufficient amount of vitamin B1. In addition, this vitamin promotes wound healing, has a weak diuretic effect, promotes growth, and improves metabolism in brain tissues. Vitamin B1 protects against motion sickness and motion sickness, and also has a calming effect on the nervous system (it is also called the «vitamin of optimism»). During pregnancy, this can be very helpful. By participating in the supply of nerve cells with nutrients, vitamin B1 will help maintain a good memory until old age. Vitamin B1 does not accumulate in tissues, so you need to consume it with food every day. Sources Vitamin B1 is found in plant products — cereal sprouts (buckwheat, oats, wheat), wheat bran, wholemeal flour, nuts (walnuts, hazelnuts), rose hips, carrots and radishes, cabbage and potatoes, legumes, brewer’s yeast,. To a lesser extent, «animal» foods are rich in this vitamin — such as meat, milk and chicken eggs. Daily rate The recommended daily dose of vitamin B1 during pregnancy is 1.5-1.9 mg, during breastfeeding 1.7-2.1 mg. Vitamin B1 deficiency With a lack of this vitamin, fatigue, irritability, insomnia, headaches, loss of appetite, depression, and impaired concentration occur. From the side of the cardiovascular system, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), pain in the heart area, lowering blood pressure (hypotension) are possible. On the part of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, loss and loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and constipation may occur. A lack of vitamin B1 can lead to premature termination of pregnancy.


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