Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) Why is it needed? Pantothenic acid gets its name from the Greek word pantothene, meaning «everywhere», due to its extremely wide distribution. The most important property of vitamin B5 is its ability to stimulate the production of adrenal hormones — glucocorticoids, which makes it a powerful tool for the treatment of diseases such as arthritis, colitis, allergies and heart disease. Pantothenic acid, entering the body, turns into pantethine, which is part of coenzyme A, which plays an important role in the processes of oxidation and acetylation. Coenzyme A is one of the few substances in the body involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Vitamin B5 is necessary for the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, amino acids, the synthesis of vital fatty acids, cholesterol, histamine, acetylcholine, and hemoglobin. Participates in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, regulates the formation of sex hormones. Sources. Vegetable sources of this vitamin are peas, yeast, hazelnuts, green leafy vegetables, buckwheat and oatmeal, cauliflower. Sources of animal origin — liver, kidneys, heart, chicken meat, egg yolk, milk, fish roe. In addition, vitamin B5 is produced in the body by E. coli, which in healthy people is found in large quantities in the intestines. Daily rate. The need for vitamin B5 for pregnant and lactating mothers is 6-7 mg per day Vitamin B5 deficiency Symptoms of vitamin deficiency include fatigue, depression, sleep disturbance, fatigue, headaches, nausea, muscle pain, burning, tingling, numbness of the toes, burning, excruciating pain in the lower extremities, mainly at night, reddening of the skin of the feet, dyspeptic disorders (nausea, vomiting), duodenal ulcers. With pantothene deficiency, the body’s resistance to infections decreases, and acute respiratory diseases often occur.